In the 21 century, the world machine industry enters an unprecedented high developing phase. Compared with other industries, the development of machine industry has seven characteristics:
One: The basic station
The developed countries pay much attention to the development of equipment manufacture industry, which is in the top place of the proportion, accumulation, employment and contribution and provide the important material base for the new technology, development of new products and manufacture for the equipment manufacture industry, so it is the indispensable strategic industry of the modern economy. Even the industrialized countries entering information society all pay much attention to the development of machine manufacture industry.
Second: Scale economy
The globalization manufacture has become the developing mainstream of the transnational companies. At the same time of regrouping and competition expansion, the big enterprises strengthen the investment and development for the operation to increase whose set capacity of system, individuation and diversification to adapt the market.
Three: Imbalanced development
Taking 2003 as an example, 99% of top 500 enterprises are from North America, Asia and Europe, which shows that the three continents are in the incomparable governing place in the industry of world machine.
Four: Deepening structure adjustment and change in the manufacture mode and management mode
The developed countries strengthen the industry transfer and the machine products with low adding value are arranged to be manufactured in the developing countries with potential requirements. To meet the change of market requirement, big manufacturers adopt professional manufacture and single product with large quantity becomes the new characteristic of the manufacture mode among top 500 enterprises and at the same time, the traditional manufacture mode is changing to the customer-oriented. The individuation of service is the main factor for the competition.
Five: The new change of the mode in the industry of machine manufacture
There are two kinds of traditional globalizations: one is to regard own country as the manufacture base and sell products to other countries and the other is to invest and build manufacture base in other countries and manufacture there and sell products to own country or other countries. The characteristics are: to own the manufacture facilities and technology and manufacture products by self and for using the resources, only to use the raw materials, personnel and fun from host countries.
With the development of information technology, the management mode changed fundamentally and the organization mode changed accordingly. These changes happened in the transnational companies and will keep on developing as a new mode of globalization. The characteristic of this change is to widely use other countries’ manufacture facilities and technology strength to manufacture products and sell to all over the world. The companies of machine manufacture industry set up processing network of parts all over the world and take charge of the installation and marketing of the products. The preparation of raw material and globalization of parts become the developing trend for the world machine manufacture industry.
Six: The transnational purchase in the machine manufacture industry is intense
The modern purchase doesn’t only lay emphasis on the competition and association of strong companies is the main method to gain competitive advantages, which is the big character for the machine manufacture industry to gain development. Now the market competition is intense and invest for building factory is in big risk, so many enterprises choose the combination and purchase. On the premise of building factory, to optimize the product structure to increase throughput, expand market share and gain scale efficiency is the best way. The industries with high technology have the threat from technology innovation, so only by the association, can enterprises become stronger. The strategic purchase in the machine manufacture industry leads to the new deployment of the resources and the cooperative situation of the competition appears.
Seven: Products with high technology
The development of modern science and technology with the information technology puts forward higher and new requirements for the machine manufacture industry. All the countries and areas and especially the developed countries lay emphasis on the development of machine manufacture, which shows that as the high and new industry, the machine manufacture industry plays an important and indispensable role in promoting the social technology progress and industry upgrade. The fast development of the high and new technology plays the role of driving, upgrade and alternation. The achievements of high and new technology, such as information equipment technology, industry automatization technology, digital-control process technology, robot technology, advanced electricity technology, electron and electric power technology, new material technology and environmental protection technology are widely used in the machine industry and the technology content is the key for the market competition.